WHAT IS MODERNDAY SLAVERY??
“Slavery is very much alive on every continent. In fact, there are more slaves in the world today than ever before.
Some people maintain that every prostitute is a slave; some go so far as to assert that the only present-day slaves are prostitute. This absurd view in effect consigns to limbo millions of men and women who are , by any standard, living in slavery but not working in the sex trade.
In Uganda, for example, when the Lord’s Resistance Army seizes a fourteen-year-old girl and forces her to be an unpaid porter and a concubine, that is, by any definition, slavery.
In New York City, in the 1990s, one crime family forced hundreds of deaf and mute Mexicans to peddle trinkets ont he subway. At the end of each day, if the men and women did not meet their daily quotas, their traffickers beat them or shocked them with stun guns. That too is slavery.”
Richard Holbrook (Forward for a book by Benjamin Skinner) 2009, A crime so monstrous Face-to-face with modern-day slavery, Free Press, .
The problem is particularly urgent now, as local economies around the world reel from the global financial crisis. People are increasingly desperate for the chance to support their families, making them more susceptible to the tricks of ruthless criminals. Economic pressure means more incentive for unscrupulous bosses to squeeze everything they can from vulnerable workers and fewer resources for the organizations and governments trying to stop them.
Hillary Rodham Clinton- Secretary of States
Washington Post, June 17, 2009
Victims of Trafficking
(UN International Labor Organization Estimates)
According to the United Nations, human trafficking generates an estimated $32 billion in revenue each year.
According to a State Department estimate, between 600,000 and 800,000 individuals are trafficked annually, with women and children especially being targeted.
The State Department estimates that 70 percent of trafficking victims are female and that nearly 50 percent of the victims are younger than 18.
Moreover, according to the International Labor Organization (ILO), of the 12.3 million people who are currently subjected to forced labor, bonded labor, or the commercial sex industry, 2.4 million have been trafficked. Of these, 80 percent are used for sexual exploitation while the remaining victims are forced to labor on farms or in factories.
12.3 million adults and children at any time, in forced labor and sexual servitude
1.39 million victims of sex trafficking, both national and transnational
56% of forced labor victims are women and girl
800,000 people are trafficked around the world each year
Major Forms of Trafficking in Persons
・Involuntary Domestic Servitude
・Child Sex Trafficking
・Forced Child Labor
・Debt Bondage Among Migrant Laborers
Human trafficking is prevalent throughout the world, as shown by the Report’s expanded coverage to 175 countries.
Subtle but potent forms of coercion are often used against victims, including threats of deportation or imprisonment, or severe reputational and financial harm that make them feel they have no choice but to continue in service.
Factors contributing to trafficking include fraudulent recruitment practices, excessive recruitment fees and debt, and lack of legal protections for migrants.
There remains a stark disparity between the large global problem of forced labor and the low numbers of prosecutions and convictions of labor trafficking crimes (less than 10 percent of all convictions).
Traffick in Person Report 2009